No Fracking in Stokes is now affiliated with the Blue Ridge Environmental Defense League
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A drilling site in the Marcellus shale area, Pennsylvania
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• North Carolina’s shallow shale layers (estimated depth of about 2000 feet) are 6,000 to 8,000 feet closer to our aquifers than other states where fracking and contamination have already occurred. This makes contamination of North Carolina’s water even more likely.
Fracking has been proven to cause contamination:
1. Pavillion, WY: EPA states that contamination had most likely seeped up from gas wells and contained at least 10 compounds known to be used in fracking fluids. 
2. Leroy Township, PA: Methane-contaminated water supplies and flammable gas puddles have not only fouled the drinking water but also pose serious danger of fire and explosions. Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection assessed that fracking wells leaked methane. 
3. Dish, TX: Contaminated air from venting toxic chemicals has resulted in serious health issues in whole communities. 
• According to the industries’ own reports on performance (Form 10-K) fracking operations are subject to many risks, including blow-outs, cratering, explosions, pipe failures, fires, and uncontrollable flows of natural gas and well fluids. 
• Although there are numerous cases of damage, many are not reported because of nondisclosure agreements in leases or in settlement agreements. 
• Nonstop, industrial-level truck traffic creates a hazardous environment not only from the volume of truck traffic, but also the toxic chemicals many carry and the road damage they cause.
• Up to 18 giant diesel pumps per well, constant truck traffic and heavy machinery create an unsafe noise level.
• The Clean Energy Act of 2005 exempted the gas industry from compliance with decades-old federal laws governing safe drinking water and clean air. This Act greatly degraded the ability of the EPA or other government offices to ensure the safety of these operations. Because the chemical solutions used in fracking are proprietary, individuals and communities have difficulty proving that damage is a direct result of fracking. 
Industry: Natural Gas is the cleanest energy.
Science: Although natural gas is the cleanest burning fossil fuel, it is one of the dirtiest to extract from shale. • Cornell research (confirmed by NOAA) demonstrated that nearly 8% of fracked methane can leak into the water and air. 
• The amount of pollutants, energy expended, and damage to the environment resulting from fracking far outweigh its “clean” proprieties.
Fracking is a method of extracting natural gas from underlying shale rock deposits. A vertical shaft is drilled into the shale layers then horizontal shafts radiate from its base. To extract the gas, a solution of water, sand and chemicals are forced, under extreme pressure, into the shale to crack (fracture) the rock releasing the gases.
Facts:• In June 2012, North Carolina Senate Bill 820 passed, overriding North Carolina clean water protection laws and legalizing fracking.
• Horizontal shafts can extend over a mile from the base of a vertical well  and may run under non-leased property.
• Fissures or cracks created by fracking can extend several hundred feet from the horizontal shafts. 
• It takes up to 1 million gallons of water to drill each well and 3 to 5 millions gallons of water per frack. 
• A well can be fracked up to 18 times, increasing truck traffic, supplies, and waste disposal per well. 
New links are added regularly at the bottom of
New York Times: More
on the link between earthquakes and fracking
New York Times (letter to the editor): The
costs of fracking
Associated Press: Study
ties oil, gas production to Midwest quakes
Business Insider: The
10 scariest chemicals used in fracking
The Pilot (Southern Pines): State
Senate panel advances fracking bill
University of Colorado: Study
shows air emissions near fracking sites may have
serious health impacts
Vermont Public Radio: Vermont
poised to become first state to ban fracking
Raleigh News & Observer: Fracking
bill advances in N.C. legislature
Institute for Southern Studies: Toxics
lobby pours money into North Carolina politics
Raleigh News & Observer: Fracking:
the role of eminent domain
Winston-Salem Journal: Stokes
County right to try to slow fracking legislation
may need to log in to Vimeo to watch this video): Voices from the Gulf: A
message to North Carolina
YouTube: My Water's on Fire Tonight
National Public Radio: Quakes Caused by Waste from Gas Wells, Study Finds
Raleigh News & Observer: New homes sold without underground rights stir fracking fears
Freedom Informant Network: Bill in U.S. Senate seeks to extinguish Navajo and Hopi water rights
Raleigh News & Observer: N.C. lawyer: Landowners must take care on fracking
Raleigh News & Observer: Fracking's future
Raleigh Public Record: Potential oil and gas sources
ShaleShock Media: A volunteer web site in the Marcellus shale area (Virginia, West Virginia, Pennsylvania, New York)
New York Times: Toxic Contamination from Natural Gas Wells
CNN Money: Reporting of fracking and drilling violations weak
The Pilot (Southern Pines): Final fracking report draws criticism
Asheville Citizen-Times: Fracking's public hazards
Winston-Salem Journal: Fracking decision too complicated to rush
Raleigh News & Observer: Estimates lowered on N.C.'s natural gas supply
Energy Bulletin: How the fracking mess is about to make the mortgage mess worse
Winston-Salem Journal: Group urges Stokes County commissioners to oppose fracking
Winston-Salem Journal: Fracking danger greater in N.C.
The Stokes News: Fracking controversy draws crowd to library
The Stokes News: Environmental concerns addressed at meeting
The Stokes News: Stokes residents travel to Raleigh to voice opposition to fracking
Raleigh News & Observer: House passes fracking bill 66 to 43
Environment America: The costs of fracking